三分快三在线计划app

来源:彩钢板价格表  作者:   发表时间:2020-10-20 16:19:02

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaSpecial:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaSpecial:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaU.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaSpecial:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTechnologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaSpecial:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTechnologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaSpecial:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaSpecial:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaU.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

编辑:SEO匿名者

未经授权许可,不得转载或镜像
© Copyright © 1997-2017 by cookwaterfarms.com all rights reserved

百站百胜: 可可白脱 童装批发价格 正版软件购买 辣椒清洗机 黄花梨木树苗价格 大型清分机 kf300 熊猫空调 童装批发货源 活动雨蓬 硅锰粉 单孔面板 技师服 镭射版 童装批发货源 2g手机内存卡价格 欧莱雅批发 厦门礼品袋 蒸煮炉 六轮爬楼购物车 迅达电梯价格 短信车 pps高温布袋 银行专用捆钞机 高纯铝丝 旋转展台 美的换气扇 投币式饮料机 太湖石价格 印刷厂转让 骨灰盒图片 奇彩鱼大豆油 四驱农用 时风农用三轮车 保鲜袋生产厂家 pvc纤维增强软管生产线 7d影院设备 聚季铵盐m3330 找拖车 pp绝缘材料 小白龙星际飚车王 小烘箱 tcl墙壁开关 小型电风扇 小烘箱 小白龙星际飚车王 康师傅饮料批发价 手用丝锥 红梅树苗 pp绝缘材料 玻璃钢门 弹性地垫 汽车天然气钢瓶价格 时风农用三轮车价格 二手蛇皮袋 求购龙须菜 广场儿童娱乐项目 木托盘回收 a2万能打印机 桃木钥匙扣 空气能烘干设备 水森活 马蹄脱皮机 矿用雨靴 新型花生收获机 威格力士 八里钢材市场 带电指示器 过梁机 东阳木雕图片 正雄饮水机 100t液压机 豪猪种苗 图书批发软件 红丹粉 网格料箱 环保炭雕 皮带货源 汽车养护用品 卫生巾设备 china.cn 红鱼肚 健康养生杯 油锯价格 硅片回收价格 迷彩服批发 方舟降压仪价格 cm1断路器价格 今天柴油批发价格 萝卜去皮机 仿古门楼 通信光缆多少钱一米 油饺机 绞切两用机 酒店彩绘 马棚垫 青稞酒价格 马蹄脱皮机 游览电动车 大梁校正仪报价 绿驹电动车电池价格 求购蚯蚓 仿真警车 女短裤批发 防爆换气扇 家用洗车机价格 戏装租赁 蓄电池配件 圣达菲1.8t发动机 激光测温仪 铲雪机 平车 首饰包装盒批发 时风农用三轮车价格 刺绣门帘 15寸专业音箱 320号导热油价格 china.cn 电动玩具车 中型颗粒机 定做扑克牌 cm1断路器价格 3158.cn加盟连锁 育森 戒指杯 全封闭正三轮摩托车 研华板卡 洗发水瓶子 2gu盘价格 热流道电热管 儿童挖土机多少钱 儿童沙画批发 外贸女鞋 橡胶防尘套 渣油是什么 彩屏租赁 欧米伽3榨油机 蔬菜专用肥 降压手表 桁架租赁 光碟机 盔甲式防护罩 屋面瓦价格 全封闭正三轮摩托车 器械台 车库门电机 大量收购 pony brown 铲车价格 二手集装箱价格 桃木钥匙扣 融雪剂价格 武汉糖酒会 外贸袜子批发网 双层铁床 化妆品机 洒水车型号 伸缩防尘套 68号抗磨液压油价格 割草机图片 流动美食车 全自动月饼机 山西孝义焦炭价格 日单批发 中华图书人 奥的斯电梯主机 卫生巾设备 小鸭冰柜 伊米特温控器 角钢生产厂家 布鞋套 辣椒素价格 汇龙漆 广告火柴 钾钠沙 超高板 电子发声挂图 武汉电动门价格 kzd快速接头 驻马店正大饲料价格 手工打包带 桔梗去皮机 吉林育苗营养块 洗发水瓶子 点焊机价格 深圳t恤印花机 扬州纸护角 抽水控制器 方舟降压仪多少钱 欧莱雅批发 伸缩式防尘套 萝卜去皮机 液体喷嘴 女卫衣批发